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The Hemery Family settle in Jersey

Jacob Hemery is the first definite ancestor who we know by name, the founder of the Jersey branch of the Hemery family.
He was born in 1669, or confirmed as a nobleman in that year, and lived in Vidouville, halfway between Caen and St. Lo. He was a prominent member of his community – his full title being given on the oldest family tree as Ecuyer (Esquire, then a much more important and honorific title than it later became) Seigneur de Villers, Gentilhomme (Gentleman) de Corps Electoral du Pont l’Eveque. Pont l’Eveque is also in Normandy, and the Corps Electoral would have electoral power over the town and its affairs, being able to elect its leaders.
He married Louise Tanquerel (also spelled Tancrel) This couple left France and settled in Jersey.

Arrival in Jersey

The Edict of Nantes in 1598 gave the Huguenots some protection, but it was revoked in 1685 and the Huguenots left France in large numbers, heading mainly for the Protestant countries of Holland, England, and in the case of Jacob and Louise, nearby Jersey. As well as its proximity to Normandy Jersey offered a haven among people of similar language and religion.
Jacob and Louise settled in St Lawrence parish, which is located on the South of the island, half way between the main town of St Helier, and St Aubin, which in those days was the only safe harbour for merchant vessels.

Louise Tanquerel died in 1715, and was buried on the 28th November. It is not known whether Jacob had any children by this marriage, although a marriage is recorded in St Lawrence on 29.6.1703 between Miss Anne Hemery, Refugee (i.e. from France) and Mr Henri Le Cras of St Lawrence.
 Jacob remarried two years later, his second wife was called Judith Williams, a resident of St Helier. They married on 26.3.1717. He was then 48 years old. Her name is very English sounding, rather than French, like most Jersey names, so she may have been English, or of English descent, or at least her father was.
2 children were born of this marriage, Jacques Hemery born 1717 - 18 and Peter Hemery born 1718 - 19.
Jacob Hemery died 17.3.1719 aged 50, the parish entry describing him as ‘etranger’ a foreigner or exile.
Judith Williams lived for another 21 years, and was buried on the 21st December 1740.

The children of Jacob and Judith Hemery

The couple had two sons, Jacques (in English James) and Pierre (in English Peter) Jacques decided to settle permanently in Jersey and on 19.11.1736, described as a young Frenchman of good character and manners, who had been apprenticed to a local merchant, he applied to the Court for letters of naturalization, and the Court having granted the request Jacques Hemery legally became a Jersey citizen.
His brother Peter Hemery moved to England, settling in Southampton where he was French master at the Royal Academy. A little acknowledged Jersey export was French language skills and his work in England demonstrates him as bilingual. At this time the everyday language of Jersey was French, but increasingly English was spoken, beginning with the merchant classes due to the trade with England, and also among those dealing with the officers and men of the English regiments sent to garrison Jersey. This process gathered momentum throughout the 19th Century, continuing until today when French speakers are a small minority in the Island. The Hemery brothers were among the first to be bilingual, and as such Jacques is often referred to as James.
Peter married and had a daughter. She died unmarried and so his line died out.

The will dated 7.1.1779 of Peter Hemery of the Parish of Portsea in the County of Southampton, French master of the Royal Academy.
All worldly goods to my daughter and executrix Elizabeth Hemery. If she remains unmarried at my decease, all my wearing apparel, furniture and half my stock in the three percent annuities consolidated are entirely left to her, and any money in the house or owed to me.
The rest of the stock to be equally divided between my nephews James and Clement Hemery of Jersey and their heirs, but if my daughter is married all is to go to her.

Elizabeth Hemery, daughter of Peter Hemery, made a will dated 16.9.1800.

The will of Elizabeth Hemery of the Parish and town of Portsea in the County of Southampton.
To James and Clement Hemery, the sons of my fathers brother James Hemery of Jersey £1300 stock in the three percent annuities consolidated divided equally.
To Samuel Perchard Piggott £700 stock.
To Samuel Perchard Piggott for Mary Perchard £700 stock, the interest payable to her as an annuity during her life if she remains single, but on marriage or decease £300 stock to go to my godson Peter Hemery son of Clement Hemery and his heirs, and £400 to Samuel Perchard Piggott.  
To Peter Hemery £500 stock, and a silver watch.
My household furniture, linen, books, plate and wearing apparel.
To my goddaughter Elizabeth Charker late Hancock 5 guineas.
To Edey and Christian Hancock sisters of the above 5 guineas each.
To Sarah Campston formerly Jacobs 5 guineas.

The Rise of a Merchant Family

Jacques was a merchant, and also served in the Jersey Militia, in 1746 being listed as a Lieutenant in the South Regiment (Regiment du Sud) The South Regiment was based in St Helier. He married Anne Elizabeth Chevallier on 20.10.1742.
She was baptised in St. Helier Jersey 12.3.1705/6. She died some time  before April 1769. The couple had 4 children, Jean Hemery baptised 18.6.1744, Jacques Hemery baptised 5.2.1745/6, Clement Hemery baptised 30.8.1747, and Pierre Hemery baptised 14.3.1748/9. Of these Jean lived less than a year, being buried on 7.5.1745.
The Chevallier marriage was a good connection to a prominent Jersey family. The known Chevallier family tree goes back to the 15th Century in Jersey, and the family were undoubtedly in the Island before then. The best known member of that line was Jean Chevallier who wrote a diary describing, among other events, the Civil War in Jersey and the siege of Elizabeth Castle. We are also descended from this family through Anne Elizabeth Chevallier.

Anne Elizabeth Chevalier was baptised in St. Helier Jersey 12.3.1705/6 and married Jacques Hemery in October 1742.
Her parents were Clement Chevalier and Marie Dumaresq. They married 13.1.1696/7 in St. Brelade Jersey. They had the following children :
Clement Benjamin baptised 17.1.1697/8, died 1792, inherited Aspall, Suffolk from his uncle Temple Chevalier.
Temple baptised 17.9.1701
Debora baptised 17.9.1701
Temple baptised 13.11.1704
Anne Elizabeth baptised 12.3.1705/6
Jean baptised 15.8.1710
Philippe baptised 8.11.1711
Susanne baptised 18.1.1713/4
Susanne baptised 25.5.1715
Marie baptised 25.5.1715
Marie baptised 4.3.1716/7
Marie baptised 22.4.1719
Philippe baptised 22.4.1719
Points of interest – 2 sets of twins, Marie had 20 years of child bearing from the ages of 19 to 40, and if a child died young the next baby was given the same name, up to 3 times in the case of ‘Marie’

Clement Chevalier was baptised on 10.9.1674, and was buried on 2.5.1719 in St. Helier. Marie Dumaresq was the daughter of Benjamin Dumaresq (Jure-Justicier 1679-81) and Elizabeth de Carteret, daughter of Philippe de Carteret of Grouville, Bailiff of Jersey 1662 – 1665. They were married in 1642. Elizabeth’s mother was Mary de la Place and her grandparents Elias de Carteret and Elizabeth Dumaresq.

She was born in 1679, and was buried on 25.1.1737/8 in St. Helier. Clement and Marie were godparents of Clement Chevalier, baptised in St. Helier 1.1.1708/9. Clements occupations were 1708 Capitaine dans la Milice (Captain in the Jersey Militia) 1711-17 Centenier de St. Helier. 1717-19 Connetable de St. Helier (or Connetable de cette paroisse, Constable of this parish)

His parents were :

Clement Chevalier or Chevallier born 1653 died 1700 married Anne Hilgrove in 1673. She was the daughter of Thomas Hilgrove and the sister of Charles Hilgrove. They had two children, Clement Chevalier (see above) and Anne Chevallier, baptised on 14.6.1676 in St. Helier.

Clement Chevalier born 1653, his parents were :
Clement Chevallier born 1620 died c.1695 married Susan Le Vavasseur dit Durel, daughter of Jean Le Vavasseur dit Durel and Susanne Effard. They had at least four children, Clement born 1653 (see above) Rachel born 1658 in St. Helier, Jean born 1662/3 in St. Helier, and Henry born 1665 in St. Helier.

Clement Chevalier born 1620, his parents were :

Jean Chevalier born c.1589, died 30.11.1675, buried 1.12.1675 in St. Helier, married Marie La Cloche in 1619, she was born c.1592, the daughter of d’Edouard La Cloche, she was buried on 23.11.1675 in St. Helier. They had five children, Clement being the eldest born in 1620. Jean was the Deacon of the town church from 1646 to 1675. His residence from 1643 – 1651 was in Market Square, also known as Royal Square, St. Helier. He was the famous diarist of Jersey in the Civil War period.

His parents were :

Clement Chevallier, born in St. Helier before 1566, died in September 1599, and Jeanne Malzard, daughter of Jean Malzard and Marguerite Chevallier. Jeanne died in 1615. They had two children, Jean (see above) and Clement, born 1589, died 1638.

The parents of Clement Chevallier born before 1566 were :

Raulin Chevallier and Louise ? They had three children, Clement (see above), Nicolas, died c. 1604, and Michel, died c. 1604. Raulin was mentioned as proprietaire de navire in 1564. (Ship owner?) He died c.1566. Louise was still alive in 1567.

The parents of Raulin Chevallier were :

Antoine Chevalier of St. Helier and ? Le Vavasseur. They had six children, Raulin (see above), John, Catherine, Sire Richard Chevalier, Thomas and John.
Sir Richard Chevalier was born c. 1490 and died c. 1540.

To recap with a simple family tree :

Antoine Chavallier born 1470? m. ? Le Vavasseur
   l
Raulin Chevallier born 1500? m. Louise ?
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Clement Chevallier born before 1566 m. Jeanne Malzard
   l   
Jean Chevallier born c.1589 m. Marie La Cloche
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Clement Chevallier born 1620 m. Susan Le Vavasseur dit Durel
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Clement Chevallier born 1653 m. Anne Hilgrove
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Clement Chevallier born 1674 m. Marie Dumaresq
   l
Anne Elizabeth Chevallier born 1705/6 m. Jacques Hemery

The Children of Jacques Hemery

Jacques Hemery 1745/6 – 1831.

Jacques was baptised in Jersey on 5.2.1745/6.
Jacques’ son Jacques also married a Chevallier, Deborah, a relative of his mother Anne. Temple Chevallier, Anne’s uncle, had left the island, but being the great grandson of the diarist Jean still owned his house in the Royal Square. A contract drawn in England dated 18.9.1767 between Rev. Temple Chevallier of Aspal in Suffolk and James Hemery of Jersey Merchant, shows that Debora Chevallier was an attorney of Temple from 3.7.1762, and registered in Jersey. It was this lady that Jacques married.
The contract concerns the sale of a property, the original house of Jean Chevalier or one on the same site, the price being £150 of lawful money of Great Britain. This purchase and the fact that he was elected secretary at the first ever meeting of the Jersey Chamber of Commerce in February 1768 show the standing he had attained. It also shows he was bilingual, as the minutes of the Chamber were taken in English. The Chamber met on the 2nd Monday of every month at the King’s Head with a dinner afterwards. In island politics the Chamber tended to support the liberal Jeannot (later called Magot) party. Party politics was much more extreme in Jersey than it was on the mainland, and the rivalry between the Jeannot and Charlot parties was intense and vitriolic, even dividing families. The term ‘Magot’ (maggot) was used first as an insult, but taken up by the Jeannots as a title of pride. To try and understand their views today, the Magots could be viewed as early Socialists, on the left of political thought, and the Charlots as Conservative, right wing politicians. This was the time of the French Revolution, and at first the Magots viewed this favourably, although soon becoming disillusioned with the violence that followed.
Jacques became a prominent Magot party member, combining his mercantile interests with legal ones.
A rare surviving document concerning his commercial interests is in the Jersey Archive. In English, dated 5.11.1774, it details a payment of £1969 10s 3d due to James Hemery, agent for the ship Venus, which traded between London, Jersey and the Bay of Honduras.
From 1773 – 1776 he was Constable of St. Helier, a position which roughly equates to that of Mayor today. The Constables sit in the States and are involved in collecting money and other administrative duties.
From 1785 – 1814 he was a Jurat (or Judge) of the Royal Court. Twelve elected Jurats sat with the Bailiff as the Royal Court, and they administered and wrote the laws of Jersey.
From 1809 – 1814 he was Lieutenant Bailiff, an official appointed by an absentee Bailiff to exercise office.

Although he had no children of his own he was very generous in looking after his brother’s children. After 1800 he built a row of 7 town houses, now called Hemery Row, in St. Helier. These he gave to the 6 daughters and the son of his brother Clement, for a yearly rent well below the market value. More details on Hemery Row will be found below. 

During his time in the States (government) of Jersey, Jacques served on many committees. Committees normally consisted of 9 members, 3 from each rank, jurats, clergy, and constables.

Jacques served on committees concerned with the infrastructure of Jersey and local issues, such as the roads and harbours, public library and general hospital committees. Perhaps his greatest benefit to the people of Jersey was his work on the Market committee, which oversaw the building of new markets for all produce in St. Helier. Before that the markets were held in the Royal Square in the open air. 25 years later an almanach of 1827 commends Jacques for his work in this respect, but notes that the markets are already too small. 

He also dealt with issues of trade, being concerned with these matters as a merchant and a Jerseyman. This included the knitted wear issue, knitted items being an important Jersey export at the time, which were affected by a British trade law.

The most important political issues he became involved with were the Trial by Jury issue and leading on from that, the committee to examine the manner of proceeding to trial in Jersey.

The States of Jersey petitioned the British Government to restore trial by jury, and Jacques served on that committee and visited London to lay the States proposals before the Government. Before the British Government made a decision they wanted to know about Jersey law and how people proceeded to trial. Jacques served on the committee to draw up this report, which was later published.                
The following information is taken from the ‘Actes des Etats de L’Ile de Jersey’ (Acts of the States of the Island of Jersey) and lists in detail his activities from 1775 - 1800. The ‘Actes’ from 1800 onwards have never been published so remain unresearched. It shows how busy a member of the States was in those days, and what a variety of different issues they had to deal with.

On 28.4.1775 as Constable of St Helier Jacques presented to the States the order concerning the establishment of the General Hospital in St Helier.
On 21.3.1785, when Lt Col Ph Fall was Lt Governor of Jersey, he was a member of the Comite de Chaussees. (harbour roads) The committee reported on 18.4.1785 and 9.5.1785.
On 27.5.1785 he was a member of the committee to examine the laws of Jersey.
On 6.7.1785 he was appointed Treasurer for the funds received for the Library from the will of Thomas Durell.
On 18.7.1785 he gave an oath that Edouard Du Pre Rector of St Helier, could not attend due to sickness.
10.7.1786 He told the States about a letter received from Paul Le Mesurier from London about knitted goods exported to France. This affected the Jersey stocking trade. They were to be left off a list of items exempt from duty in a new trade treaty. Jacques presented a petition from many merchants about this, and the States formed a committee to look into it, of which he was a member.   
21.7.1786 appointed member of the committee which was to look into abuses in the criminal law of Jersey.
12.8.1786 committee on knitted goods encouraged to make a speedy report.
15.8.1786 the letter from the knitted goods committee to the British Government.
1.11.1786 With Revd. Edouard Du Pre authorised the purchase of an Encyclopaedia for the Library.
30.6.1787 Appointed a member of the Committee for the General Hospital, the committee to run for a year, in particular to see if the Hospital could be repaired to the state it was in before the accident and how much it would cost. (after the partial destruction by fire in 1783)
2.10.1787 appointed a member of the new Committee for the Defence of the Island.
Appointed a member of the Committee to consider the ancient rights and constitution of Jersey, in response to the Kings order of 2.6.1786 and 8.8.1787.
29.2.1788 the committee was to prepare a ‘humble representation and request’ to the King.
29.2.1788 Jacques paid for a new catalogue to be drawn up for the Library, of which he was Treasurer.
1.4.1788 member of a committee to examine if there was any public interest in a contestation about Terrain de la Foire and its surroundings.
15.4.1788 a member of the new Chaussees (roads) committee.
8.12.1788 Hemery Du Pre and Dumaresq to prepare a humble request to the King about the problems at parish elections of St Jean (Ouen)
19.6.1789 he and Jean Dumaresq Constable of St Peters to look into the 2 representations of Lt. Bailly against the States.
15.8.1789 States heard the report of Dumaresq and Hemery, their representatives in England, about trial by jury and other matters. The States agreed they had carried out their deputation well. A copy of the act on parchment to be given to each. 
2.1.1790 Hemery and Dumaresq gave a lecture on the manner of proceeding to the Royal Court in criminal matters.
8.2.1790 Hemery and Dumaresq asked to present another report on the manner of proceeding to court in Jersey, civil and criminal, and to print reports for the states to consider, along with Thomas Pipon and Jean Thomas Durell, Advocate General. The cost of printing to be borne by the public lottery. Hemery and Dumaresq appointed to work together and visit London to state their case to the Government.
24.2.1790 a letter received from William Fawkener Clerk of the Council saying that the 4 have delivered their document.
27.3.1790 states authorised Charles De la Garde and Revd. Dr. Du Pre to print the report and tables prepared by the 4. 
12.5.1790 authorised Du Pre and Hemery to write to General Conway about the shortage of grain in the Island and its dangers, to get him to tell the Kings ministers and Parliament. And also to write in the name of the States to Jean Dumaresq, Paul Le Mesurier and Jean Fiott, for them to help to repeal the bill.
From Actes des Etats de L’ile de Jersey 1790 – 1792
11.9.1790 committee of Hemery Lempriere Du Pre and Hamon to organize rebuilding of a harbour wall to the south of the old sea way, in a poor state due to the action of the sea and the poor state of its construction.
18.10.1790 committee for the defence of the isle, Jacques Hemery a member.
A humble petition to Lords of the Committee of Council for the affairs of Jersey and Guernsey. The request on 5.1.1787 to restore trial by jury, agreed by the States 4.10.1786, 10.5.1787 sent a copy of the proposition to the Royal Court in Jersey. 7.1788 the Court replied with their observations, a hearing appointed for middle of June 1789, asked for proper agents to appear for the court. The States appointed Hemery and Dumaresq as their agents, with full powers to solicit for them and the people of the island the reestablishment of trial by jury. They appeared at the board 21.7.1789, decided that before any decision they should be informed of the mode of proceeding to trial in Jersey, and what they conceived to be the criminal law of Jersey, specifying the crimes and punishments inflicted.
These to be sent to the council in January 1790. States repeated their request for trial by jury 8.2.1790. Reappointed Hemery and Dumaresq. Letter setting a date on 20.4.1790, to reconsider this request. Dumaresq went on 23 and 25.4.1790, but judgement was reserved. 18.10.1790 States made a further request which would be for the tranquillity of the island, the prevention of crime and for good order.
18.10.1790 a member of the committee for the crime of burglary.
19.3.1791, member of the committee to consider the trial by jury issue.
10.9.1791, list of laws and items in the constitution for consideration, Hemery the president of the committee, any comments on these subjects to be given to him in writing.
28.10.1791 member of the committee (Hemery, Du Pre and Edward Combes centenier of St. Helier) to discuss scheme by John Humphrey (an Englishman) to make a reservoir for farming oysters and other fish in the new quay in the sea way of St Helier, with a 9 year lease.
8.9.1792, results of committee of constitution (trial by jury) reports of 26.7.1792, Jacques was president of the committee.
8.9.1792 Hemery as one of executors of will of Marie Pipon, announces £400 in shares transferred to trustees of General Hospital.
6.12.1792 one of committee members to assure the King of the loyalty of the isle and its people.
31.12.1792 read a letter from Jean Dumaresq concerning dues owed to the King in the island.
2.3.1793 Jacques a member of a committee to prepare a petition about convoys to Southampton and import of naval stores from America in time of war with France.
6.4.1793 A member of the new General Hospital committee.
21.9.1793 excused from States duty.
26.10.1793 A member of the new committee for the Defence of the Island.
28.11.1793 A member of the quarantine committee to prevent plague arriving in the Island from foreign vessels.
22.2.1794 excused from States duty.
8.3.1794 tasked with finding 2 or 3 of the best pilots who know the bay of the Old Castle.
22.3.1794 Jacques and Clement members of a committee concerning the embargo on Jersey vessels.
29.3.1794 letter read from Philip D’Auvergne Prince of Bouillon sent to James (i.e. Jacques) Hemery as head of the defence committee.
1.4.1794 Clement and Jacques members of a committee to find lodging for soldiers. Jacques tasked with obtaining the wages due to Jersey pilots who served with the navy.
5.5.1794 as head of the defence committee Jacques reports that so few lottery tickets have been sold that the lottery is cancelled and people’s money returned.
10.6.1794 letter read from Philip D’Auvergne Prince of Bouillon sent to James Hemery as head of the defence committee, concerning the fleet under his command to protect Jersey.
26.7.1794 Clement and Jacques members of the new roads committee.
11.9.1794 Jacques away from the island so another took his place on the committee to examine the laws relating to foreigners in Jersey.
27.9.1794 Jacques appointed with others to investigate the resignation of Jurat Jacques Amice Lempriere.
21.2.1795 appointed with others to prepare a letter asking that Philippe Jean be allowed to draw the Kings picture.
7.3.1795 member of a committee concerning the possibility of Navy press gangs operating in Jersey.
26.5.1795 excused from States duty.
6.6.1795 Jacques and Clement appointed members of a committee to report on the high price and scarcity of provisions.
24.6.1795 States examined the accounts of the library, submitted by Jacques, the Treasurer.
31.8.1795 Clement and Jacques on the committee for Impots, and for lottery proposals. They were also members of the committee to enforce the proposals of the 11th May.
17.10.1795 Jacques one of two members to write to Southampton for 200 sacks of flour.
9.11.1795 Jacques and Clement on the committee to discuss imports of coal free of duty.
23.11.1795 both members of the committee to look into the poor state of the roads in St Helier. Also both members of the committee to look into the shortage of grain. 
7.12.1795 Jacques and Clement to publicly sell imported flour.
1.2.1796 Jacques on the committee to import grain.
2.5.1796 Both members of the committee to replace the existing committee for the Public Hospital. Jacques to discuss the new Rentes in grain.
11.6.1796 Jacques and Clement were members of the committee to discuss the erection of the hall.
16.2.1797 member of the committee on forged coins.
15.7.1797 Jacques to review the criminal law of Jersey.
20.1.1798 Jacques could not attend the States due to sickness.
3.3.1798 Jacques a member of a small committee looking into illegal beer selling.
10.3.1798 member of the committee looking into replacing the harbour.
24.3.1798 concerned with the accounts of the new Impot.
28.7.1798 member of the committee to support poor foreigners.
6.12.1798 examining the Act of Parliament to do with trade and customs dues for imports and exports.
28.1.1799 Jacques a member of the committee to determine the qualifications of parish officials. 
27.7.1799 In the committee about building a new meat market. A member of the committee to do with workers and apprentices.
10.8.1799 The market committee are authorised to build markets for the peoples needs, markets for vegetables, corn, fish etc.
16.9.1799 Jacques on service helping the States.
25.10.1799 on the committee to discuss acquiring land at Bonnenuit.
25.1.1800 Jacques appointed treasurer of the General Hospital in place of David de Quetteville. Jacques on service helping the States.
31.1.1800 The market committee discuss land for building.
15.2.1800 The market committee discuss land owned by Mr Jean Kerby.
10.5.1800 The market committee make their report.
15.9.1800 Jacques was a member of the committee to discuss customs affairs with England.
6.12.1800 A committee formed to look into the high price of grain, and measures to lower consumption of bread.

Jacques made a will dated 9.9.1830. He died in May 1831. He died a wealthy man and left a large amount to his relatives, mostly in stocks and shares.

I, James Hemery of the Island of the Jersey, merchant, bequeath :
To the poor of St Heliers 500 francs French money.
To my niece Susan Hemery, wife of the Rev. Philip Le Breton 48,000 francs, principal of 5 percent French consolidated stock.
To my niece Sarah Hemery, wife of Captain Thomas Newton King, 48,000 francs, principal of 5 percent French consolidated stock.
To my niece Mary Hemery, wife of Dr. John Carnegie, 48,000 francs, principal of 5 percent French consolidated stock.
My executor to invest these sums in English or French stocks 6 months after my decease, at my nieces option. They and their husbands after their deaths to receive the interest. And to their children afterwards.
To my niece Elizabeth Hemery, widow of Philip Janvrin, 48,000 francs, principal of 5 percent French consolidated stock, in the same way.
To my grand nieces Jane Hemery, wife of John Dupre Esq. and to Margaret Hemery, wife of Rev. Richard Hayne, to each 22,500 francs 5 percent French consolidated stock.
To my grand nephew Clement Le Breton, and grand niece Eliza Le Breton, the children of my late niece Margaret Hemery, wife of Sir Thomas Le Breton, the like sum of 22,500 francs stock to be paid 6 months after my decease.
To my grand niece Frances Poingdestre, daughter of my late niece Jane Hemery and and of John Poingdestre Esq. 23,200 francs stock, in trust until she is 21 years old. If she dies before 21 the capital and interest to the surviving children of my nephews Clement and James Hemery, and the surviving children of my nieces.
To the 2 daughters of my late nephew James Hemery, to the 2 children of my late niece Margaret Le Breton, to the 6 children of my niece Susan Le Breton, to the 3 children of my niece Elizabeth Janvrin, to the 2 children of my niece Mary Carnegie, and to the 5 children of my niece Sarah King to each 5,140 francs. To be invested in English or French government securities by my executor.
The residue of my property to my nephew Clement Hemery or his children if he dies before me.
The will bears a very shaky signature, witnessed by 2 people named Cooper. 

(The seal of James Hemery public notary was gifted to the Societe Jersiase by Capt. J Cooper in 2004, presumably a descendant of one of the witnesses to Jacques will)